History of Irrigation

The development of irrigation Agencies has strong linkages, and interfaces with the physical infrastructure as well as system design and management practices. In order to appreciate the historical perspective of irrigation and agency development better, factors contributing to its development needs to be determined. The chronological sequence of the development of Irrigation Department Khyber Pukhtoon Khawa and its canal system is elaborated as under.


Major Event
Mughal Era
17th Century
Construction of Joe Sheikh inundation canal was carried out from the R/Bank of River Kabul during the reign of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and to irrigate areas around Peshawar.
Pre-independence Era
Military Board was set up to look after all public work matters in India
Public Works Department ( PWD ) was established and was responsible for the construction of roads, buildings, railways as well as flood control, irrigation and military works.
Robert Napier appointed as Chief Engineer to look after Civil , military and public Works in India
Establishment of Directorate of Canals headed by Chief Engineer
Public works department created in all provinces under central control having following branches i) the military Works Branch. ii) the Civil Works Branch, including Irrigation. Iii) the Railway Branch
Enactment of “The Northern India Canal and Drainage Act”
Public works Department assigned to deal purely with civil works including irrigation works.
Construction of Lower Swat Canal with design discharge of 830 cusec.
Central Mechanical Work shop established in Amritsar..
Establishment of Irrigation Department India comprising of Chief Engineer / Secretary, and seven circle.
Paharpur Irrigation Canal system was constructed with a total length of 50 miles.
Upper Swat canal constructed with design discharge capacity of 2200 cusec. .
Swat canal circle transferred to the NWFP Government. .
Hydraulic Research Institute established at Malikpur on Upper Bari Doab Canal
Design Directorate established in Irrigation Department.
Pre-independence Era
All the four provinces and princely state integrated in one unit –West Pakistan. The Chief Engineer West Pakistan headed the organization assisted by four Additional Chief Engineer.
250 cusec Pehur Main Canal constructed to irrigate 43000 acres of land.
Water and Power Development Authority created.
Indus Water Treaty between India and Pakistan signed.
Independent Chief Engineer Irrigation appointed in N-W.F.P
Baran Reservoir on Baran Nullah commissioned.
650 cusec Kurram Ghari Project commissioned.
650 cusec Kurram Ghari Project commissioned.
Tanda dam project commissioned. The project designed command area is 32000 acres while the channel has carrying capacity of 263 cusec.
Public Works Department devolved in to Work & Services and Irrigation & Public Health Department.
Khan Pur Dam Canal system commissioned on Hero River. Discharge capacity of canal is 118 cusec while designed command area is 18000 acres.
Water Accord signed between the Provinces of Pakistan
Public Health Department separated from Irrigation Department.
Irrigation Department re-designated as Irrigation & Power Department.
Pehur High level Canal was commissioned with designed capacity of 1000 cusec and additional command of 12500 acres.
Power Department separated from Irrigation Department.
Irrigation Department N-W.F.P notified as Irrigation Department Khyber  Pakhtunkhwa



News and events
  1. ADDENDUM/CORRIGENDUM Office of the Executive Engineer Peshawar Canals Division
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  2. Notification:Establishment of Directorate for the Jabba Dam Project.
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  4. Notification: Rename of Gandao small Dam as Abdul Shakoor Dam
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  5. EXECUTIVE ENGINEER MARDAN Irrigation Division floats NIT for the work A: ADP No.1328/190430, B: ADP No.1305/160275, C: ADP No.1307/160280, D:ADP No.1346/190305, E: ADP No.1333/190528
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  6. Expression of interest for consultancy services of small dams in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
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  7. Office of the Executive Engineer, Tubewells Irrigation Division Peshawar issued NIT Ref: Vide advertisment No. INF (P) 126/20 dated 13/10/2020
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  8. Vide No. SO(G)IRR/3-57/2018: Competent Authority is pleased to post Mr. Sham-uz-Zaman, PMS (BS-17), as Section Officer (Litigation) Irrigation Department,with immediate effect, in the best public interest.
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  9. Consultancy Services Required For Mini/Micro Hydro Power projects
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  10. Executive Engineer Irrigation & Hydel Power Division Khyber District floats invitation for consultancy services for work titled "Improvement of Existing and construction of new Irrigation System / Resources”
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  11. Executive Engineer Tubewells Irrigation Division Peshawar issues corrigendum for NIT floated in national dailies vide advertisement No.INF(P)4895/19
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  12. Down load Bid Solicitation Documents for various ADP works of Gomal Zam Irrigation Division.
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  13. Executive Engineer CRBC Irrigation Division floats NIT for AM&R works. For details please click on the news line
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  14. Project Director SIRAN Right Bank Canal Project, Advertises Vacant post for Driver, Naib Qasid, Chowkidar and Sweeper.
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  15. Director General Small Dams Irrigation Department floats NIT for Construction of Sanam Dam floated in national dailies vide advertisement No.INF(P)1986/19
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  16. RE- TENDER Office of Executive engineering irrigation and Hydel power division
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